_____ is the affect voters' or poll respondents' perception of candidates or public officials by raising issues that are perceived to enhance or diminish the candidates priming _____ became the first mass media. Libraries will continue to consolidate themselves into fewer outlets as crosses between repositories for ‘dead media’ and community centers for public net access and entertainment there will be a further emergence of virtual associations in things like game ‘clans,’ online special interest groups and groups formed through social networks. Public opinion is citizens’ views on politics and government actions it matters for three reasons: (1) citizens’ political actions are driven by their opinions (2) public opinion helps explain the behavior of candidates, political parties, and other political actors politicians look to public opinion to determine what citizens want them to do and (3) public opinion can also shed light on the reasons for specific policy outcomes.
The willingness to act of reading treatment respondents showed no significant difference to that of the control group thus, assuming the reading treatment was effective in imparting knowledge of climate change, this finding is contrary to those of bord et al (2000) who suggested knowledge of the causes of climate change to be the strongest. Although the stories were otherwise similar in many ways, subjects who read the free speech news story reported a higher level of tolerance for the ku klux klan than subjects who read the disruption of public order frame. The consistency explanation predicts that answering prior knowledge questions will increase reported interest for people who do well on these quizzes, but will decrease reported interest in science for those who do badly alternatively, the framing explanation attributes the effect to the content of the quizzes, rather than respondents' performance.
We measured willingness to participate with one item: “how willing are you to take part in the interview described in the advertisement you just saw” response options ranged from 0 (“not at all willing”)to10(“extremelywilling”)otherpointsonthescalewerelabeled only with the numbers (1–9) we also measured interest in participating. Of course, to create a news story without an orienting frame would be i l impossible, as would asking respondents questions about a hypothetical target without a news story presenting the target as some social level—either individual or group. This differ- ence was statistically signiﬁcant among respondents receiving the indi- l y vidual news frame (contrast estimate = 1034 se = 192 p = 000) but not among those receiving the group news frame (contrast estimate = -249 n l o se = 198 p = 210. The population of interest (willis 2005) to date, few researchers have asked the no-incentive group, “what dollar amount would make you want to participate” (open-ended response): “sometimes money is offered to factors that would increase willingness we asked respondents what would make them more willing to participate in the.
How does climate change communication affect our perceptions and behaviour thomas d lowe december 2006 tyndall centre for climate change research working paper 98 is this climate government officials, industry or special interest groups the experiment involved a between-subject analysis of undergraduate students at the university of east. 227a giving up sovereignty to pooled control by multinational agreements different formulations are not presented to the public but only the one result that supports the interest of the special interest group these effects can be used purposely by special interest groups by choosing a formulation for which the result is most favorable. Collective and sustained efforts that challenge existing or potential policies, norms, or authorities, making use of unconventional and conventional political tactics differ from interest groups because they challenge the status quo, always have grass-roots participation, and always use protest tactics.
This study examines relationships among individual dispositions, news framing of civil liberties restrictions, security concerns, and political tolerance we theorize that news frames condition the effects of individual dispositions on security and. For example, using all major news media—newspapers, magazines, television, and radio—motivates students, and comparing different accounts of the same story helps them develop questioning attitudes.
In local political races, respondents to surveys typically favor the first candidate named in a list, demonstrating the _____ effect framing according to the text, for public opinion to guide government, _____ must pay attention to public views-and respond. In the american political process, news discourse concerning public policy issues is carefully constructed this occurs in part because both politicians and interest groups take an increasingly proactive approach to amplify their views of what an issue is about however, news media also play an active role in framing public policy issues.